NTP is critical in Cisco voice products. Time synchronization not only provides consistent time in trace files, but also a mandatory requirement for some components.
On a CUCM publisher, you may choose to use internal clock (computer hardware clock) or external clock (NTP server, such as a router).
Regardless of your choice, all other servers in the cluster will use NTP protocol to synchronize time with publisher. In another word, NTP is only configurable on publisher.
1. Before you configure NTP on publisher, configure the local time as accurate as possible. This will shorten the time to synchronize after you configure NTP.
2. Be patient after you configured NTP. It might take hours to synchonize based on the time difference between publisher and NTP source. This works as designed. This is to comply with IETF RFC.
3. If NTP was configured on publisher, subscribers won't synchronize to publisher until publisher is in-sync with NTP source. If you're having problem sync the publisher to NTP source, but you want the whole cluster in-sync on time, disable NTP on publisher.
Frequently used commands
utils ntp status
ntpd (pid 3638) is running...
remote refid st t when poll reach delay offset jitter
127.127.1.0 127.127.1.0 10 l 9 64 377 0.000 0.000 0.008
*188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 2 u 921 1024 377 38.233 3.336 1.182
+220.127.116.11 10.81.254.202 2 u 988 1024 377 37.044 3.252 12.236
synchronised to NTP server (18.104.22.168) at stratum 3
time correct to within 60 ms
polling server every 1024 s
Current time in UTC is : Sun Feb 8 14:38:36 UTC 2009
Current time in America/Chicago is : Sun Feb 8 08:38:36 CST 2009
The output above tells you:
1. The box is synchronized to 22.214.171.124 at stratum 2.
2. Internal clock is at stratum 10 (the box won't synchonrize to any time source with stratum equal or greater than 10)
Other commands include:
utils ntp config
utils ntp restart
utils ntp start
utils network capture port 123
Executing command with options:
size=128 count=1000 interface=eth0
src= dest= port=123
08:56:01.125718 cm6-sub.ntp > cm6-pub.ntp: v4 client strat 4 poll 10 prec -18 (DF) [tos 0x10]
08:56:01.125965 cm6-pub.ntp > cm6-sub.ntp: v4 server strat 3 poll 10 prec -17 (DF) [tos 0x10]
08:56:18.270720 cm6-pub.ntp > ntp-sj1.ntp: v4 client strat 3 poll 10 prec -17 (DF) [tos 0x10]
08:56:18.308956 ntp-sj1.ntp > cm6-pub.ntp: v4 server strat 2 poll 10 prec -18
08:57:24.271526 cm6-pub.ntp > ntp-sj2.ntp: v4 client strat 3 poll 10 prec -17 (DF) [tos 0x10]
08:57:24.309282 ntp-sj2.ntp > cm6-pub.ntp: v4 server strat 2 poll 10 prec -16
Port 123 is NTP port. The output above shows the incoming/outgoing NTP packets on publisher:
1) cm6-sub is the NTP client on stratum 4
2) cm6-pub is the NTP server on stratum 3 (because the external NTP source is on stratum 2)
3) ntp-sj1 and ntp-sj2 are the external NTP source on stratum 2
Use RTMT to get "ntp logs".
Troubleshooting time offset on phones
If the time on CUCM server was correct, but the phones showed wrong time, it's most likely due to misconfiguration.
First of all, we need to understand the difference between UTC time and local time.
There are many different time zones in the world. In US, we have EST, CST, MST, PST, etc. 8AM EST means 7AM CST. Daylight saving also adds more complex to this. Different countries have different daylight saving cutoff dates.
To provide consistency around the world, NTP server feeds UTC (GMT) time to clients. How to manipulate it to get "local time" would be the client's responsibility.
On CUCM Admin > System > Date/Time Group, you may configure different groups to reflect different time zones. Then you may associate date/time group to different device pools. Hence, different phones in different device pools can have different local time.
One thing to notice is:
The "old" phones (7940/7960) get local time from CUCM server.
The "new" phones (7941/7961 and newer) get UTC time and time zone info from CUCM server. Then they do the math and display the local time.
Use Windows server as NTP source
Depending on your Windows version, there are some registry settings you need to set:
Changing the ‘Enabled’ flag to the value 1 enables the NTP Server.
Change the server type to NTP by specifying ‘NTP’ in the ‘Type’ registry entry.
Set the ‘Announce Flags’ registry entry to 5, to indicate a reliable time source.
Set 'LocalClockDispersion' to 0
The last one is most important one.
After changing registry, you need to restart "Windows Time" service.
P.S. You either turn off Windows Firewall or have to allow UDP port 123, which is used by NTP protocol.